What does the growth of children depend on

What does the growth of children depend on

All parents want their children to develop well without major health problems and to be smart and handsome, but there is something that invariably always comes up in the pediatrician's office: Dr., my son, will he be tall? How long will it be? It is difficult to hear in the pediatrician's office: Dr., how much will you weigh when you are 18 years old? Will it live for many years?

We all know that from tall parents we will have tall children and from short parents ... or maybe not? The fact is that the latter do not usually conform to the forecasts that are usually made ... So, Does the final height of a child depend on genetics, diet or other factors that we do not know well?

1. Genetics: Well, it is clear that genetics is the factor with the most influence on the final height of an individual: Pygmies will not have children who reach two meters, nor will Germans have children who as adults do not exceed five feet; or at least this would not happen in many and many generations.

2. Race and sex: Boys will grow more than girls.

3. The geographical and climatic environment: Towns that live at high altitudes tend to be somewhat smaller in size; 6% of the world population lives above 1,500 meters.

4. Feeding: Optimal nutrition from the womb to the end of growth in late adolescence. 'Optimal' does not mean that the more they eat the more they will grow, even if it is healthy food. What is happening in recent years is that children are growing wider rather than tall. They should not be forced to eat, as their appetite is the perfect indicator for them to regulate the amount they need.

5. Poor areas: A situation of extreme poverty with an unfavorable political and geographical environment, and little health care could lead, as is still the case in many African countries, to severe malnutrition with growth much lower than theoretical and a very low weight. A quality diet is a long-term investment for the child to achieve iron health and a high quality of life as an adult.

6. Some chronic diseases Important factors such as severe uncorrected congenital heart disease, classic celiac disease in all its expressiveness and not diagnosed at an early age, a growth hormone deficiency, significant kidney disease, etc., can negatively affect the final height of the child.

7. Sport: Physical activity through play and sports stimulate the production of bone cells that will help form healthy and resistant bones that will reach the maximum size that genes have predicted when the epiphyses and metaphyses are welded at the end of growth, between the ages of 17 and 21 years of age in males.

8. Adequate hours of sleep: Growth hormone or GH or somatotropin has a higher activity at night although it is also secreted in peaks every 3-5 hours during the day. There are other hormones that belong to the neuroendocrine system that also influence the processes of maturation and growth of tissues in the body and interact with genes and environmental factors.

9. Love, affection, that the child feels well cared for, respected and considered, the absence of stress, a pleasant and stress-free family environment ... everything will result in a state of complete physical, emotional and mental health that will cause the best result that the genes had arranged in their internal codes.

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