What is an optometrist? An optometrist is a university-trained health professional whose main job is assessing, diagnosing and treating eye conditions. If your child has eye or vision problems, an optometrist can work out what the problem is and how best to treat it. Optometrists do special tests and use special equipment to check how well the eyes see, how well they work together and how healthy they are.
About bad breath in children and teenagers Most children have 'bad breath' when they wake up. This usually goes away after your child has something to eat and drink and cleans her teeth. This sort of bad breath isn't anything to worry about. Other causes of bad breath in children and teenagers include mouth or throat infections, a blocked nose, sinusitis, gum disease (gingivitis), tooth decay or abscesses.
Causes of bronchitis Bronchitis is when the large airway passages that go to the lungs become inflamed, usually because of a viral infection, or more rarely a bacterial infection. Bronchitis symptoms Coughing is the main symptom of bronchitis. Your child's cough might sound dry or wet. If your child has bronchitis and his upper airways are also affected, he might have a runny nose and sore throat as well as a cough.
About case managers Case managers support the health and wellbeing of people who have many and complex needs by coordinating services and support for these people. Case managers come from many different professional backgrounds. They might be psychologists, social workers, nurses or occupational therapists.
Causes of bedwetting Bedwetting happens when children don't wake up during the night when they need to do a wee. Children don't wet their beds on purpose. There are a few different causes of bedwetting in children. Some children wet the bed because they sleep very deeply, and they don't wake up when their bladders are full.
About cardiothoracic surgeons A cardiothoracic surgeon is a medical doctor with special training and skills in heart and lung surgery. Cardiothoracic surgeons operate on the heart, lungs, aorta and other organs in the chest, for people who have heart or lung diseases or conditions. Why your child might see a cardiothoracic surgeon Your child might need to see a cardiothoracic surgeon if he needs minor or major heart or lung surgery.
About cleft lip and cleft palate A cleft lip or cleft palate is when the lip or the roof of the mouth doesn't close over properly . This forms a cleft, or open space, in the lip or mouth. Cleft lip and cleft palate can happen separately or happen together. Cleft lip alone is more common. Cleft lip and cleft palate are congenital defects - this means they happen during the development of the fetus and are present at birth.
About chickenpox Chickenpox is a contagious disease that's caused by the Varicella zoster virus. Chickenpox can spread through: direct physical contact with someone who has chickenpox sneezing and coughing direct physical contact with someone who has shingles. Like chickenpox, shingles is caused by the Varicella zoster virus.
About clinical geneticists Clinical geneticists are medical doctors with special training and skills in genetics (the study of conditions caused by changes in genes). They often have a background in child health. Clinical geneticists can help you understand genetic conditions and how genetic conditions are passed on.
About black eyes The most common cause of a black eye is a blow to the eye or nose. This can happen if children bump into something or are hit by something. This can damage the sensitive tissues around the eye and lead to bleeding under the skin, which causes swelling and bruising. Symptoms of a black eye The symptoms of a black eye include pain, swelling and bruising.
About clubfoot Clubfoot is a structural problem with the foot. In a baby with clubfoot, the foot is twisted out of its normal position. The foot can't be moved into a normal position. Clubfoot can affect one or both feet. Clubfoot symptoms If your baby has clubfoot, his foot points downwards and inwards like a golf club.
What is a child and family health nurse? A child and family health nurse is a registered nurse who has postgraduate qualifications in child and family health nursing. Most child and family health nurses are also registered midwives. In Victoria, all maternal and child health nurses are also midwives.
About coeliac disease Coeliac disease is a kind of autoimmune disease . 'Autoimmune' means that the body mistakenly attacks itself when it senses a particular trigger. With coeliac disease, the trigger is a protein called gluten, which is in wheat, rye, barley and oats. Coeliac disease affects the lining of the small intestine, which is covered in villi.
Mongolian spots Mongolian spot birthmarks are distinctive blue, flat marks that appear on a baby's lower back or buttocks at birth or soon after. They're more common in darker-skinned people, but can happen in lighter-skinned people too. These birthmarks are caused by a build-up of pigment cells (which give colour to skin) in the deeper part of the skin.
About chronic fatigue syndrome Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) makes people feel extremely tired all the time. Children with chronic fatigue syndrome might also have a range of other symptoms. These symptoms make it hard for children and teenagers to do everyday things like going to school or socialising.
About childhood obesity Overweight and obesity are terms you might hear when children are above their healthiest weight and have too much body fat or an abnormal amount of body fat . Obesity is a more serious form of overweight. Overweight and obesity happen when the energy children get from food and drinks is greater than the energy they use through physical activity, growing and other body processes.
About concussion A concussion is a type of mild head injury. It happens when the head gets bumped, which causes a short-term change in how the brain works . In young children , the most common causes of concussion are falls - for example, falling from a bed, couch, pram or play equipment. In older children , most concussions happen in sport - for example, Australian Rules football, rugby, soccer and horse riding.
Causes of blisters Children get blisters when fluid builds up under their skin. This happens because of damage to the skin. The most common cause of a 'water blister' is friction - for example, new shoes rubbing against the back of your child's heel. Other common causes of blisters include burns (including sunburn).
About colour blindness Colour blindness is when you can't see some colours normally. Red-green colour blindness is the most common type. This is when you have trouble telling the difference between greens, browns, reds and oranges. Blue-yellow colour blindness is rare. People with this type of colour blindness have trouble telling the difference between blues and yellows.
About cold sores Cold sores are tiny blisters caused by herpes simplex virus. Cold sores are highly contagious and can spread even before blisters form. Once you have herpes simplex virus, it sleeps in your skin for life. The virus can wake up when your immune system is under stress - for example, during a viral illness, hormonal changes or sunburn.
What is cerebral palsy? Cerebral palsy (CP) is a disability that affects a child's ability to control his muscles. Children with cerebral palsy can have problems like muscle weakness, stiffness, awkwardness, slowness and shakiness. They might also have difficulties with balance. Cerebral palsy is the most common childhood physical disability in Australia.