Child development at 5-6 years: what's happening Playing and learning Even as your child gets older and starts school, play is important. It's still how your child learns and builds social, emotional and thinking skills. Your child's pretend play is more complex now, filled with lots of fantasy and drama.
Category School Age
Injury prevention for children To keep children safe during physical activity and play, you can look at whether their bodies, environments and skills are safe for the activity. Safe body Your child can avoid most injuries by: doing activities she's physically prepared and strong enough for doing activities that use her own body weight in short bursts - for example, monkey bars or skipping wearing appropriate safety gear - for example, helmets, shin guards or mouth guards drinking water before, during and after playing being sun safe by wearing sunscreen and hats during hot or sunny weather warming up before sport and gently stretching afterwards getting the right treatment if an injury does happen.
Daily movement for school kids: why it's important Children need lots of movement and physical activity every day. That's because movement is vital for health and wellbeing. Moving strengthens muscles and bones and improves coordination. Play is one of the best ways to keep your school-age child moving and active.
What to expect: school-age language skills By 6-7 years , your child will probably: want to talk to you, friends and other family members as much as possible like to tell jokes and riddles talk confidently with familiar grown-ups describe complicated situations express a range of ideas read aloud have an increased vocabulary talk on the phone if he wants to.
What to expect: school-age play and games Your child will mature and develop a lot at 6-9 years. You can help this process just by playing with your child. For example, play and games with simple rules can help your child get used to the more formal learning structures that she's experiencing at school.
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Safety basics: bicycles, scooters and skateboards Here's a list of safety basics to follow when your child is learning to ride bicycles, scooters and skateboards: Make sure your child rides a bicycle, scooter or skateboard that's suitable for her age, size and ability. Wear a helmet. Helmets are compulsory when riding bikes and recommended when riding scooters, skateboards, rollerblades and so on.
Partial airway blockage: choking signs The following signs can tell you that a child's airway is partially blocked: loss of voice choking noises coughing that keeps getting worse gagging wheezing anxiety and agitation stridor (a shrill, rattling sound when breathing in) sudden chest pain. Complete airway blockage: choking signs The following signs can tell you that a child's airway is completely blocked: The child can't breathe.
What to expect as your child's imagination grows By school-age, your child will probably: have a clearer understanding of what's real and what's pretend be able to plan new creative arts including drawing, painting, dance and music be able to tell you a made-up story start to grow out of fears at around six years of age - for example, fear of monsters, the dark and dogs.
Leaving children home alone: is your child ready? There's no home alone law in Australia that says how old your child must be before he can be at home by himself. You're the best judge of when your child is ready to be left at home alone. It's not just about your child's age - her maturity is also important.
How pornography affects children and young people Pornography is sexually explicit material that aims to arouse people who are looking at it. For children aged 5-8 years, seeing pornography can be uncomfortable, upsetting and confusing . Also, pornography can send negative messages like: mutual consent and safe sex aren't important violent sexual acts are normal and appealing loving relationships aren't important aggressive behaviour towards women is normal and OK.
Choking risks Choking happens when a child's airway gets blocked. Anything smaller than a D-size battery can cause an airway blockage and be a choking risk for children. Examples of choking risks include: food items like lollies, raw apples, pieces of meat (including chicken and fish), nuts, raw carrots, uncooked peas, seeds (including popcorn kernels), grapes, fruit pips and stones, hot dogs and sausages household items like coins, small batteries, small magnets, the tops off pens and markers, and jewellery toys and toy parts like plastic shapes, marbles, the eyes of stuffed toys, table tennis balls and balloons (uninflated or popped) garden objects like pebbles any other small items.
No legal age for leaving children home alone There's no one law in Australia that says how old your child has to be before you can leave him alone. In Queensland , if you leave a child under 12 years of age for an unreasonable amount of time without supervision you have committed a criminal offence. But the legislation also says that whether the time is unreasonable depends on all the relevant circumstances.
Supervision: key to swimming pool safety Supervision is the key to swimming pool safety for children. Supervision means: staying in constant visual contact , not just glancing towards the water occasionally staying within arms' reach of toddlers and beginner swimmers at all times when they're in or around the water staying close to the water when you're supervising children who can swim, and being ready to get in if there's an emergency taking children with you if you leave the pool area, even for a moment.
What is healthy food for kids? Healthy food for school-age children includes a wide variety of fresh foods from the five food groups : vegetables fruit grain foods reduced-fat dairy protein. Each food group has different nutrients, which your child's body needs to grow and work properly. That's why we need to eat a range of foods from across all five food groups.
What is school refusal? School refusal is when a child gets extremely upset at the idea of going to school, or often misses some or all of the school day, and this distress doesn't go away. School refusal can mean that children have trouble going to school or trouble leaving home - they might not go to school at all.
Homework: the basics Homework can take many forms. For example, primary school children might be asked to do worksheets or longer projects do some reading or writing collect interesting objects to share with the class. Secondary school children are more likely to get different homework tasks for different subjects.
Parent-teacher interviews at primary school: what to expect Throughout your child's time in primary school, you might be asked to attend parent-teacher interviews, or conferences, usually once or twice a year. These interviews are usually just short meetings - about 10-15 minutes - between you and your child's teacher or teachers.
Drowning and drowning prevention: what you need to know Drowning can occur quickly and quietly, without any warning noises. Drowning is one of the major causes of death for children under five years. Babies and toddlers are top-heavy, which puts them at higher risk of drowning. If a baby falls into even shallow water, she can't always lift herself out.
Good parent-teacher relationships A good relationship with your child's teacher and school is a great starting point for handling any problems that come up at school. You can lay the groundwork for a good parent-teacher relationship by introducing yourself and getting to know your child's teacher as early as possible.
About early literacy difficulties Some children with early literacy difficulties will catch up to their peers. But some children who make slow early progress often need extra help. If they struggle in the preschool and early school years , they can experience delays in literacy development over the long term.